By the provisions of Articles from 749 to 770 of the Law of the Contract and Torts shall be regulated the notion of the contract of order, obligations of the person accepting the order and the orderer related to performing of order as well as the reasons for termination of the order.

By a contract of order the person accepting the order shall assume the obligation to the orderer to undertake specific transactions for his account. At the same time the person accepting an order shall be authorized to undertake such transactions.

The person accepting an order shall be entitled to remmuneration for his effort, unless otherwise provided by the contract or resulting from the nature of the mutual relations of the parties.

Persons Obliged to Respond to Offering an Order

One professionally engaged in performing other persons’ transactions, or in making public offers to perform such transactions, shall be bound, if unwilling to accept an offered order relating to such transactions, to notify without delay the other party thereof, otherwise he shall be liable for loss sustained by such party. Continue reading Order

General rules of fulfilment of obligations

An obligation shall be terminated after being fulfilled, as well as in other cases provided by law. According to provisions of the Law of Contract and Torts, other cases of termination of obligations are offsetting (compensation), remission of debt, substitution (innovation), integration (merger), the impossibility of fulfilment, flow of time, notice and death.

The termination of the principal obligation shall also extinguish the pledge, mortgage, and other accessory rights.

Who can fulfill obligations and expenses of the fulfillment of obligations?

An obligation may be fulfilled not only by a debtor but also by a third person. A creditor shall be bound to accept fulfilment by every person having a legal interest in fulfilling the obligation, even should the debtor be opposed to such fulfilment. Continue reading General rules of fulfilment of obligations

Contract of construction

A contract of construction shall be a contract for services by which a contractor assumes the obligation to construct, according to a specific plan and within a stipulated time limit, a specific building on an agreed building site, or to perform on such building site, or on an already existing facility, some other civil engineering works, while the purchaser assumes the obligation to pay in return an agreed price. A contract of construction must be concluded in written form.

Form and content of the contract of construction, rights and responsibilities of the contracting parties, liability for defects and especially responsibility of contractor and project engineer for the soundness of building are regulated by the provisions of the Law on Contracts and Torts.


In this Chapter, the term “building” shall include buildings, dams, bridges, tunnels, water supply installations, sewerage systems, roads, railroad tracks, wells and other civil engineering facilities the manufacture of which requires large and more complex works. Continue reading Contract of construction