The provisions of the Law on Obligations govern the requirements for fulfilling debts with several debtors or creditors. When fulfilling duties with many debtors or creditors, dividing obligations into divisible and indivisible is important because it determines mutual relations and obligations between debtors or creditors based on the execution of
Dividing an Obligation and a Claim
An obligation shall be divisible if what is owed can be divided and fulfilled into parts having the same features as the entire subject, and should what is divided lose nothing in value; otherwise, the obligation shall be indivisible.
Should several debtors exist in a divisible obligation, such obligation shall be divided between them in equal shares unless a different kind of division is determined, and each shall be liable for his share of the obligation. Continue reading Obligations with several debtors or creditors
The provisions of Articles 966–996 of the Law on Obligations govern the concept, object, and conditions for the legal validity of the pledge agreement, the rights and responsibilities of the pledger and the pledgee, and other essential issues.
By a contract of security a debtor or a third party (pledger) shall assume the obligation to a creditor (pledgee) to deliver to him a movable object in relation to which there exists the right of ownership, so that he can, before other creditors, effect collection out of its value, should his claim not be paid when due, while the creditor shall assume the obligation to keep the accepted object and return it to the pledger undamaged after the termination of his claim.
To conclude a valid pledge agreement, it will be necessary for the pledger to be able to dispose of the objects he is giving as a pledge.
If the object referred to in the contract is delivered to him, the pledgee acquires the right to pledge.
It is possible to conclude a pledge agreement for an object that has already been granted as a pledge to another party. In such a case, the right of pledge shall occur if the pledger notifies the creditor holding the object of the conclusion of the pledge agreement, another creditor, and if he has ordered him to deliver the object to that creditor after settling his own claim. Continue reading Pledge agreement
According to the provisions of the Law on deadlines for settling monetary obligations in commercial transactions (“Official Gazette of the RS”, no. 119/2012, 68/2015, 113/2017, 91/2019, 44/2021, 44/2021 – other Law, 130/ 2021, 129/2021 – other laws and 138/2022) are governed by:
- deadlines for settling monetary obligations in commercial transactions between the public sector and business entities, between business entities, that is, between public sector entities, and to prevent non-payment of monetary obligations within the deadline and
- recording electronic invoices and other requests for payment in electronic form in the central register of invoices issued by creditors in commercial transactions between the public sector and business entities, i.e. between public sector entities, in which the public sector entities are debtors, based on the data obtained from the system of electronic invoices.
In the Central Register of Invoices established and managed by the Ministry of Finance – Treasury Department, only electronic invoices issued by creditors in commercial transactions between the public sector and business entities, i.e. between public sector entities, in which the public sector entities are debtors, are recorded, upon establishment technical and technological conditions, and mandatory from May 1, 2022, based on data obtained from the electronic invoice system. Continue reading Deadlines for settlement of monetary obligations in commercial transactions