During the implementation of the status change, it is possible to endanger the rights and interests of different categories of persons. The interests of the members of the transferring company (shareholders), the interests of the creditors of the companies participating in the status change, and the interests of third parties that do not fall into any of these categories are recognized.
Protection of the Rights of Members of the Transferring Company
Right to Additional Payment
The member of the transferring company who deems that he is a damaged by the determined ratio of the exchange of shares, i.e. stocks in the transferring company for the shares, i.e. stocks in the recipient company, may file an action with the competent court against the recipient company within a term of 30 days from the day of publication of the notification to the members of the company about the time and place at which they may inspect the documents and by-laws referred to in Article 490 of the Companies Act, and seek payment of the pecuniary compensation. If more than one action were filed, the proceedings are consolidated. Continue reading Protection of interests during implementation of status change
According to provisions of the Companies Act relationship between the joint-stock company and stockholders shall be defined with rights and obligations as follows:
- Right to a dividend
- Limitations on payments to stockholders
- Pre-emptive subscription right of the stocks
- Financial Support of the company in acquiring stocks
- Withdrawal and cancellation of stocks due to failure to pay or enter the contribution.
It is also important to emphasize that all shareholders are treated equally under the same circumstances. Continue reading Relationship between the joint-stock company and stockholders
The stocks issued by the company are issued in their dematerialized form and read in the name of a stockholder, and the provisions of those regulations governing the capital market are applied to the registration of the issue of stocks, their legal holders, transfer of stocks, transfer of rights deriving from stocks, limitation of rights deriving from stocks and entry of third party stock rights into Central Securities, Depositary and Clearing House (hereinafter: Central Registry). A stock is indivisible.
A resolution on the issue of stocks, i.e. other securities has to contain all their essential elements pursuant to the regulations governing the operation of the capital market. Issuing of stocks and other securities by public offering is done pursuant to Companies Act and the law governing the capital market.
It is considered that a stockholder in relation to a joint stock company and third parties is a person who is entered in the Central Registry as a legal holder of a stock, and the day of entering in the Central Registry is the day of acquiring the stock. Continue reading Types and clases of stocks which issue company