In accordance with the provisions of Companies Act company member can be expelled by resolution of the general meeting or by a court decision.
Expulsion of a Member by Resolution of the General Meeting
Persons who have, under the memorandum of association or otherwise, taken on the responsibility of paying, or entering a certain contribution to the company, are liable to the company for fulfillment of that obligation and are obliged to compensate damage caused to the company by failing or being late to carry out that duty. The memorandum of association, i.e. the articles of association in case of a joint stock company, may stipulate an obligation to pay liquidated damages for untimely performance, or failure to perform the obligation of entering a certain contribution to the company.
If the company member omits to perform his obligation, even in the additional term, the company may pass a decision to expel such member from the company,i.e. in case of a joint stock company, a decision to withdraw and annul without compensation the shares of that shareholder which have not been paid, i.e. for which no in kind contribution has been entered into the company. Continue reading Expulsion of a Company member
The stocks issued by the company are issued in their dematerialized form and read in the name of a stockholder, and the provisions of those regulations governing the capital market are applied to the registration of the issue of stocks, their legal holders, transfer of stocks, transfer of rights deriving from stocks, limitation of rights deriving from stocks and entry of third party stock rights into Central Securities, Depositary and Clearing House (hereinafter: Central Registry). A stock is indivisible.
A resolution on the issue of stocks, i.e. other securities has to contain all their essential elements pursuant to the regulations governing the operation of the capital market. Issuing of stocks and other securities by public offering is done pursuant to Companies Act and the law governing the capital market.
It is considered that a stockholder in relation to a joint stock company and third parties is a person who is entered in the Central Registry as a legal holder of a stock, and the day of entering in the Central Registry is the day of acquiring the stock. Continue reading Types and clases of stocks which issue company
Duty to keep business secret is regulated by the provisions of Articles from 72 to 74 of the Companies Act.
A business secret is information the disclosure of which to a third party may damage the company, as well as information that has, or may have, economic value because it is not generally known or easily available to third parties who could acquire economic benefit through its use or disclosure, and with regard to which the company took appropriate measures to keep its secrecy.
Information which is a business secret may be of a productive, technical, technological, financial or commercial nature, a study, a research finding, as well as a document, formula, drawing, facility, method, procedure, notice or internal instruction, and the like. Continue reading Duty to keep business secret according to provisions of the Companies act