An obligation shall be terminated after being fulfilled, as well as in other cases provided by law. According to provisions of the Law of Contract and Torts, other cases of termination of obligations are offsetting (compensation), remission of debt, substitution (innovation), integration (merger), the impossibility of fulfilment, flow of time, notice and death.
The termination of the principal obligation shall also extinguish the pledge, mortgage, and other accessory rights.
Who can fulfill obligations and expenses of the fulfillment of obligations?
An obligation may be fulfilled not only by a debtor but also by a third person. A creditor shall be bound to accept fulfilment by every person having a legal interest in fulfilling the obligation, even should the debtor be opposed to such fulfilment. Continue reading General rules of fulfilment of obligations
Exit of limited liability company member (hereinafter referred to as: exit of company member) is one of the reasons for termination of company member status. Procedure of exit of company member shall be governed by the provisions of Articles from 187 to 193 of the Law on Business Companies.
Reasons for termination of company member status are:
- Death, in case of a natural person, or deletion from a relevant register, in case of a legal entity
- Exit from a company
- Expulsion from a company
- Transfer of entire equity interest
- Withdrawal and cancellation of entire equity interest.
Exit of Company Member without Claiming Compensation for Equity Interest
A comapany member, which hasn’t outstanding liabilities towards the company on the basis of outstanding contributions, may at any time, on the basis of the statement on exit which sall be submitted to the company, to exit from the compnay without giving any reasons for the exit, if he/she does not demand compensation for its equity interest. Continue reading Exit of limited liability company member
Cession of claims by contract is governed by the provisions of Articles 436 to 445 of the Law on Obligations and resulting in a substitution of creditor in obligations.
Subject of Contract
A creditor may carry out the cession of his claim by a contract entered into with a third person, except a claim whose transfer is not permitted by statute, or which is restricted to creditor’s
person, or whose very nature is incompatible with transferring to another.
Cession of claim by contract respectively a contract of cession shall have no effect for a debtor if he and the creditor have stipulated that the latter shall not be able to assign the claim to another, or that he shall not assign it without the debtor’s consent. Continue reading Cession of claims by contract