Financing of the company by the founders through loan

Contracting and implementation of the loan to the company from the founders is almost entirely governed by the provisions of the Law on Contracts and Torts.

The Companies Act in the part Additional Payments and Loan to the Company (Articles from 178 to 181) prescribes manner of esblishing the additional payment obligation, consequences of failure to make addititonal payment and return of the additonal payments, but does not provide specific rules relating to the loan. Provisions of the Companies Act which regulate payment limitations to the company’s founders, approval of a transaction in which there is personal interest and company’s share capital increase contain norms that are important for the contracting and implementation of loan.

The Law on Cotract and Torts doesn’t impose restrictions when it comes to the conclusion of the loan contract and the lender can be both as a business entity and natural person. According to the provisions of Article 557 of the Law on Contract and Torts by a loan contract the lender shall assume the obligation to transfer ownership to the borrower of a specific amount of money or other interchangeable objects, while the borrower shall assume the obligation to restitute after a certain time to him the same amount of money, or same quantity of objects of the same kind and quality. Continue reading Financing of the company by the founders through loan

Forms of work engagement in Serbia

The Labor Law provides ways of the working engagement of persons in the Republic of Serbia, which are the legal and statutory methods of the working engagement. Overall in the Republic of Serbia, persons may be engaged in work as much the employer will establish employment relationship with them, or they will be engaged outside employment relationship, on one of the ways prescribed by the provisions of the Labor Law.

Employment Relationship

Employment relationship for a indefinite period of time is the basic form of the employment relationship, but not the only form of the employment relationship. Besides it there are other forms of the employment relationsip, as follows:

  • Employment relationship with a probation work
  • Employment relationship for a definite period of time
  • Employment relationship for performing higher-risk jobs
  • Part-Time employment relationship
  • Employment relationship for performing jobs outside the employer’s premises
  • Employing household help and
  • Employment relationship with trainee. Continue reading Forms of work engagement in Serbia

Collection of receivables from debtors in the blockade

Under conditions of the global financial crisis increases the risk of debt uncollectability. The risk of this type primarily depends on the individual claims, payment terms, economic and political conditions in the country, as well as the solvency and creditworthiness of the debtor.

The occurence of the debtor’s inability to fulfill its financial obligations due to blockage of business accounts is one of the biggest risks, whose implementation may result in a debtor’s bankruptcy, but in some cases may represent a cause of the creditor’s bankruptcy.

Answers on some questions, concerning with the possibility of the collection of receivables from a debtor who has in the blockade you can find in this article.


Legal consequences of a blocked accounts are regulated by the Law on performing payment of legal persons, entrepreneurs and natural persons who do not perform activities. Continue reading Collection of receivables from debtors in the blockade